इस मुहीम का संकल्प है:प्रत्येक वर्ष एक अनोखी पुस्तक के माध्यम से स्वतंत्रता आन्दोलन के शहीद के आज के जीवित वंशजो को नयी जिन्दगी देना. हमने अब तक चार लोगों के लिए कार्य किया है. अब तक 30 वंशजों को ढूंढा हूँ। एक डाकुमेंट्री भी बनाने जा रहा हूँ "एक खोज भारत की :स्वतंत्रता आन्दोलन 1857-1947 के शहीदों के गुमनाम वंशजों की दास्ताँ,एक जीवंत फिल्म", ताकि बच्चे देखें, शहीदों को, उनके वंशजों को।
Thursday, April 7, 2011
Forgotten Indian Heroes & Martyrs:Their Neglected Descendants-1857-1947.
YOU ALL ARE INVITED TO WITNESS A HISTORY IN MAKING
INDIA has seen 14 Presidents (including officiating) after the Independence that include Dr Rajendra Prasad, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Zakir Hussain, Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, Giani Zail Singh, Ramaswamy Venkataraman, Shankar Dayal Sharma, Kocheril Raman Narayanan, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Pratibha Patil (Muhammad Hidayatullah and Basappa Danappa Jatti - officiating).
THE COUNTRY has also elected 14 Prime Ministers (technically it is 17) including Jawaharlal Nehru, Gulzarilal Nanda, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Morarji Desai, Choudhary Charan Singh, Rajiv Gandhi, Vishwanath Pratap Singh, Chandra Shekhar, P. V. Narasimha Rao, H. D. Deve Gowda, Inder Kumar Gujral,Atal Behari Vajpayee and Dr. Manmohan Singh so far. HAVE A LOOK: * “Freedom fighters have not been given the honour and respect due to them, in keeping with their sacrifices. Families should be declare National Families”: Former President K R Narayanan.
* Former President Giani Zail Singh had assured Jeet Singh of doing something for his family but Zail Singh died without doing anything for Jeet Singh and years later, Jeet Singh continues to live a miserable and unknown life. His two children also work - Jaspal the elder son works in a cloth shop while his only sibling Bobby assists at a printing shop.
FACT : Be it Bhagat Singh or Khudi Ram Bose or Chandra Shekhar Azad, Udham Singh , the sacrifices they made to free India from the clutches of the British imperial rule remain unmatched. These martyrs went to the gallows without even a wrinkle on their faces; such was their resolve and determination.
We have come a long way since India became independent on 15th August 1947. But it is ironical that the present generation of India does not even know how many young people and freedom fighters laid down their lives for the sake of the country. Even more ironical is the fact that not even five percent population of this huge nation actually remembers those who died during the freedom struggle.
No wonder then that the late President K R Narayanan lamented the apathy of our countrymen towards the unsung heroes of our freedom struggle during his visit to Cellular Jail by saying that “Nobody, especially the present generation, can imagine the hardship, the torture they have gone through and the ultimate sacrifices they made during such an arduous journey. If we can transmit to the new generation of Indians, at least a little bit of their patriotism, their flaming nationalism, their courage, their capacity for sacrifice, then we would have done something significant today”.
“It is important to realize that these revolutionary freedom fighters have not been given the honour and respect due to them, in keeping with their sacrifices. It is the government’s moral responsibility to see that their issues and outstanding tasks are taken up”.
How ironical it is that in every nook and corner of our cities, the statues and memorials of sundry politicians are erected, annual functions too are held with huge fanfare in their memory and remembrance but the people who died for the nation have been confined to the memory of their equally neglected heir!
How ironical it is that even artists and film stars, who have enacted the roles of these real-life heroes on the silver screen, should find their way into parliament through nominated seats while the heroes have been wiped out from the nation’s memory!
No government has taken the trouble to even find out the relatives of those freedom fighters and their present condition. Not even a single NGO has ever thought about it.
The least one would expect any government to do is to identify the families of these heroes and to give them a pride of place in all national functions. Needless to say, their education and medical care should be the responsibility of the state. As President Narayanan said, “it should be our solemn duty to show that we are truly grateful for all that they did for us”.
Given the character of the present-day politicians, it is, perhaps, foolish to expect any of them to take up the cause of the forgotten heroes’ families.
HISTORY : JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE OF APRIL 13, 1919: On this day, 92-year ago, on 13 April 1919, when a peaceful assembly of people at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar was fired upon by General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, killing over one thousand people. The event which Udham Singh used to recall with anger and sorrow turned him to the path of revolution. Soon after, he left India and went to the United States of America. He felt thrilled to learn about the militant activities of the Babar Akalis in the early 1920's, and returned home. He had secretly brought with him some revolvers and was arrested by the police in Amritsar, and sentenced to four years imprisonment under the Arms Act. On release in 1931, he returned to his native Sunam, but harassed by the local police, he once again returned to Amritsar and opened a shop as a signboard painter, assuming the name of Ram Muhammad Singh Azad.
He was on the lookout for an opportunity to avenge the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy. The long-waited moment at last came on 13 March 1940. On that day, at 4.30 p.m. in the Caxton Hall, London, where a meeting of the East India Association was being held in conjunction with the Royal Central Asian Society, Udham Singh fired five to six shots from his pistol at Sir Michael O'Dwyer, who was governor of the Punjab when the Amritsar massacre had taken place. O'Dwyer was hit twice and fell to the ground dead and Lord Zetland, the Secretary of State for India, who was presiding over the meeting, was injured. Udham Singh was overpowered with a smoking revolver. He in fact made no attempt to escape and continued saying that he had done his duty by his country.
On 1 April 1940, Udham Singh was formally charged with the murder of Sir Michael O'Dwyer. On 4 June 1940, he was committed to trial, at the Central Criminal Court, Old Bailey, before Justice Atkinson, who sentenced him to death. An appeal was filed on his behalf which was dismissed on 15 July 1940. On 31 July 1940, Udham Singh was hanged in Pentonville Prison in London.
PRESIDENT, PRIME MINISTERS, MINISTERS, BUREAUCRATS CAN FORGET UDHAM SINGH AND HIS DESCENDANT, BUT WE CAN’T: So, Andolan:Ek Pustak Se is committed to provide a dignified, if not luxurious, life to Jeet Singh, Udham Singh’s grandson. Almost 92-year of Jallianwala bagh massacre and 72-year of Udham Singh’s martyrdom, ironically, Jeet Singh, his grandson, is living in anonymity and penury in Sagrur in Punjab.
Former President Giani Zail Singh had assured Jeet Singh of doing something for his family but years later, Jeet Singh continues to live a miserable and unknown life. His two children also work - Jaspal the elder son works in a cloth shop while his only sibling Bobby assists at a printing shop.
As a part of our ongoing movement “Andolan:Ek Pustak Se” is committed to provide a dignified, if not luxurious, life to Jeet Singh through this book – Forgotten Indian Heroes and Martyrs:Their Neglected Descendants-1857-1947.
The coffee table book is the fourth in the series launched by the 'Andolan Ek Pustak Se' movement, which began in the year 2005 under which Shivnath Jha and Neena Jha (husband-wife duo) aimed to publish one book per year in ordeer to honour and help 'those who have brought laurels to the country.'
The series began with a 'Monograph on Ustad Bismillah Khan,' that was aimed at drawing attention to the plight of the ailing shahnai maestro. The book, was launched by the Ustad on his 91st birthday on March 25, 2006. The couple did their best to fulfill the life time desire of the Ustad – performance at India Gate. But, fate did not allow the Ustad and he died on August 21, 2006.
Other books in the series include one on former Union Railway minister Lalu Prasad, - 'Lalu Prasad:India's Miracle,' which was instrumental in rehabilitation of Vinayak Rao Tope, the fourth generation descendant of frontline leader of 1857 mutiny Tatya Tope. Vinayak Rao Tope was virtually begging on the street of Bithor in Kanpur). Moved with the plight, Lalu Prasad granted job to Rao’s two daughters in Railway. Besides sale proceeds of the book, Vijay J Darda granted Rs. 500,000/- to Vinayak Rao Tope. Today, they are leading a happy social life.
Again in 2009, from the proceeds of “Prime Ministers of India: Bharat Bhagya Vidhata-1947-2009”, Andolan:Ek Pustak Se had rehabilitated Sultana Begum, grate granddaughter-in-law of India’s last emperor and commander-in-chief of the 1857 mutiny Bahadur Shah Zafar. Begam was living in a slum in Howrah. Vijay J darda, again granted Rs. 200,000 for the marriage of Begam’s daughter and present Railway minister Ms. Mamta Banerjee granted job to her grand daughter in Railway in Kolkata itself.
It is the fourth attempt to provide a dignified, if not luxurious, life to Jeet Singh, grandson of Udham Singh through our book - Forgotten Indian Heroes & Martyrs:Their Neglected Descendants-1857-1947.